Pop. 6,010; Area
1,858 sq. km. (717 sq. mi.)
Tinn is comprised of
the former districts of Hovin and Tinn. The rural population of Tinn makes
its living in agriculture and forestry. The
is made up of 5 drops of blue water on a silver background, representing the
district's five rivers and the hydro-electric power plant in Rjukan.
Atrå and Tinn Austbygd are villages in the
area but most of the population lives in the administrative center of Rjukan.
Vacation cottages are numerous in the valleys of Tessungdalen, Skjervedal,
and Nystøldalen. Tinnsjøen is Europe's second deepest lake with a depth of
461 meters. The historical municipality of Hovin was
incorporated into Tinn in 1964. The township also includes Vestfjord,
Mount Gausta and parts of the Hardanger moors.
was created by Norsk Hydro around the turn of the century. Its name comes
from the Rjukan Falls, meaning "smoky." The falls, in Maristujuvet Gorge,
were a famous tourist attraction until they were tamed to produce power for
the new industry and town. Until Norsk Hydro established the factory here, Vestfjord Valley had no roads and was an
isolated place. Within a few years the area had been transformed into a
bustling industrial town with a total of 9000 inhabitants. This venture was
unparalleled in Norwegian industrial history. It is therefore only natural
that the National Industrial Workers' Museum has been established in the old
power station at Vemork. Vemork power station was the site of the German
attempt to make "heavy water" for an atomic bomb. The sabotage which stopped
their efforts was the basis for the movie "Heroes of Telemark" starring Kirk
Sights to See
The Krosso Cable Railway was built by Norsk Hydro so that the people of Rjukan
could get up into the sun of the mountain plateaus during the winter months
when the town is immersed in shadow. It was the first such railway in Norway
to be enclosed. Gvefseborg, the station at the top, lies 890 meters above
sea level. From here is an impressive view over the Vestfjord Valley
towards Mt. Gausta.
The Rjukan and Tinn Museum
has 22 old buildings from various parts of Tinn collected in Rjukan. They
are well-furnished and give a good idea of living standards in this remote
district before industrialization. There is an open-hearth room from the
Middle Ages. Displayed in the old school house are costumes and other
examples of folk art. The museum also has a special Home Front section
illustrating the the life of Norwegian Resistance fighters during World War
Gaustadtoppen, 1,833 meters above sea level, has a fantastic view of southern Norway.
Station has the world's longest wooden
stairway with 3,380 steps. Guided tours are available on weekdays.
about 7 kilometers west of Rjukan, gives a view of Rjukan waterfalls old
river bed. There is a 260 meter drop from the trunk road to the bottom.
Telelaget's Volunteer Genealogists for Tinn
Emigrant Ancestor Database: Tinn
Submit your emigrant ancestor information
Bygdebøker for Tinn
What's a Bygdebøk?
Einung, Halvor H. Tinn-Soga.
Oslo: Borums Offset-trykkeri, 1978. (Also Rjukan, 1926.)
Bd. II. Nytt Opplag.
Svalestuen, Andres A.
Tinns emigrasjonshistorie 1837-1907.
En undersøkelse med sørlig vekt pa den demografiske, økonomiske og sosiale
bakgrunn for Amerikafarten, og en statistisk analyse av selve utvandringer.
Oslo: Oslo Uistisk analyse av selve utvandringer. Oslo: Oslo
Universitetesforlager, 1972. 337p.
Dahl, Helge. Rjukan. Tinn; Tinn
Fram til 1920. 1983.
Fra 1920 til idag.
Official Tinnkommune Website
Historical Pictures of Tinn
Heroes of Telemark
If you would like to add a link, submit photos of an historic site, or we've missed an important landmark
you'd like to have listed in "Sights to See," please